1. Cost Benefits
Open source can help you make substantial savings on server and end-user license costs. Most often the proprietary software has a one-time as well as recurring costs associated based on the number of user licenses. This is simply the cost of owning/renting and using the product.
The open-source products have community server licenses that allow anyone to own the software for free. The net savings means a lot for small enterprises that have limited capital and a tight budget. Now you own the product and so the responsibility of deploying and maintaining the product lies with you as with any other software product.
However, with an increased number of companies offering consulting services, you have much better chances of finding a reliable cost-effective partner in your journey. However, finding a genuine and reliable partner may be a little difficult. The commercial product vendors charge a high fee for providing deployment, maintenance, and support services. There are very good chances that enterprises will make significant operational cost savings from open source products. There are numerous examples in the industry where the companies have made significant savings in operational costs from open-source.
As per IDE report on Open Source for 2022, OSS accounts for almost 70% of all software used in a typical Asia/Pacific enterprise.
2. Stability and Maturity
The general perception about open-source products was that they are used by enterprises for experimental projects or to demonstrate the proof of concept. They lacked features that made them unsuitable for production use cases. With many open source projects in the evolution stage, the source code was changing frequently with product updates and patches coming out after short gaps.
The situation has changed drastically now and open-source products are giving head to head competition to well established commercial products. Many open-source products are outpacing commercial products in capabilities and features. Linux, MongoDB, Hadoop, Spark, Drupal, Ruby are some of the popular names and the list is endless. These products are being used successfully in production as mainstream IT applications by some of the large corporations in the world. This suggests that the products are stable, reliable, and mature enough that they can be used in large scale deployments requiring high performance and reliability.
3. Open-Source Community
The open source community is made of selfless dynamic people who only care about giving back to the community. The community understands the pain of each other and provides their help without any self-interest. Small enterprises that do not have funds to afford support services, seek help from this community to find solutions to their problems. It may not be comparable to tier 1 support offered by established commercial product vendors but you will definitely find answers and suggestions to your questions pretty fast.
Unless you have mission-critical applications, it can work fairly well for you. The community forums have a wealth of knowledge posted by the people in the form of videos, posts, samples, examples, code, and answers to the problems.
3. Availability of Skilled Resources
Unlike commercial products that offer free usage for a limited period or with limited features, open-source products give that freedom and peace of mind to the people who want to learn the software. With support from the community, people can get up and running in no time and gain a deeper knowledge in a short span of time. This makes more and more skilled resources available in the job market.
SMBs can utilize this vast resource pool to hire knowledgeable and experienced professionals at a reasonable rate. From a strategic point of view, it makes more sense to invest in setting up an in-house IT team. Investing in the in-house team may not look worth it initially but it will always pay off in the longer term.
Tactically, SMBs can leverage college students and interns to help them research, evaluate, and experiment software products to understand the fit in their long term IT strategy. Inviting students to kickstart a small project can help SMBs set up a good foundation. Based on their experience, they can scale up and choose to hire a few of those students as interns.
5. Culture of Open-Collaboration
Have you ever wondered what makes so many people contribute selflessly to open source projects? It’s the joy of giving back to the community. Some may argue that recognition is the driving factor but people don’t contribute just because they want recognition. It is just an outcome and comes along with it. Only a few open-source contributors actually receive recognition. If motivation had been the factor, open-source would have died long back.
Human Resources (HR) executives struggle to find ways to motivate and retain their employees. All large and small businesses can learn and benefit from it. Try to mimic and promote open-source culture. Create a platform that allows employees to create things.
Let people from within and outside the company collaborate and contribute based on their interests. The organization should have no role except providing and moderating the platform to protect the company information. The projects can be classified as internal and external based on what data or information is used. The organizations must ensure that the external projects are not at all influenced by the leadership and management.
Encourage, recognize, and adopt the fast-growing open-source projects. The projects with internal information can be promoted within the organization. It’s critical to shield the contributors from internal politics and bureaucracy. Let employees collaborate in an open environment.
The open innovation and collaboration culture will make employees feel motivated and productive at their workplaces. Recognition for an organization as an open-source contributor would benefit from an improved brand image.
Open source is a movement and it is up to the organizations to decide how they want to react. Companies adopting a wait and watch or play safe tactics are going to miss the bus. Pretending to use open-source with a half-hearted or casual approach or simply downplaying it can put businesses on a difficult path. Embracing open-source technology will help organizations be more efficient and innovative in true sense. However, OSS has its own downsides. Open-Source Software may not be a good choice in many situations and it is very important to be aware of them in order to carefully make an informed decision.